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T-Maze: Exploring Spatial Learning and Memory in Rodents

The T-Maze is a versatile apparatus primarily used for conducting preference and spatial learning tasks in rodents, such as rats and mice. This maze design, resembling the letter “T,” offers a straightforward yet effective means of studying spatial memory, learning, and decision-making in animals. By alternating between the arms of the T-Maze, rodents demonstrate their ability to recall previously visited arms or select arms based on the presence of a reward. This page provides insights into the T-Maze’s purpose, benefits, technical specifications, and how VJ Instruments offers a comprehensive solution for tracking rodents in this maze.
Purpose of the T-Maze

The T-Maze serves as a crucial tool in behavioral research for understanding learning and memory in rodents. It helps researchers:

  • Calculate and analyze parameters related to learning and memory, such as the time required for rodents to reach the rewarded arm of the Elevated T-Maze.
  • Examine behaviors in relation to different zones, including the number of entries into each arm of the maze.
About the Maze

The VJ Instruments Elevated T-Maze is meticulously crafted using high-quality materials, ensuring the durability and reliability of this research tool. The maze consists of three arms arranged in the shape of a capital “T,” providing animals with a choice point featuring two alternatives. Additionally, the maze is customizable in terms of color, allowing for adaptation to specific research requirements.

Key Features of the T-Maze:

  • Material: High-quality construction for reliable and consistent results.
  • Customization: Available in a range of colors to suit individual preferences.
  • Comprehensive Package: The T-Maze is provided as part of a complete package that includes a Licensed MazeMaster video tracking software, a camera, cables, IR lights, light fixtures, and a PC. This package can also be used for testing in various other mazes manufactured by VJ Instruments, such as the Y-Maze, Radial-Maze, Morris Water Maze, Barnes Maze, Elevated Zero Maze, Open Field Maze, and more.
Tracking in the T-Maze

VJ Instruments offers a comprehensive solution for tracking rodents within the T-Maze, ensuring precise data collection and analysis. The tracking process involves the following steps:

  • Placement: The rodent is situated at the center of the maze.
  • Monitoring: A MazeMaster video tracking application, combined with a camera positioned directly above the maze, continuously monitors the rodent’s movements.
  • Data Collection: The MazeMaster software records essential parameters, including the number of entries into each arm, the distance traveled, and the time spent in each arm.
  • Trajectory Analysis: The MazeMaster software also provides a detailed trajectory of the rodent’s movements, aiding researchers in understanding and analyzing their behavior.

 In conclusion, the T-Maze is an invaluable tool for studying spatial learning and memory in rodents, and VJ Instruments offers a complete solution for researchers looking to conduct experiments with precision and ease.

The T-Maze is available in two versions: one for mice and another for rats. Here are the technical specifications for each:

T MAZE SPEC.For MiceFor Rat
Arm Length28cm40cm
Arm Width5cm10cm
Arm Wall Height15cm20cm
Standard ColorBlack 
Other Color OptionsWhite, Grey, Color as per choice on order 
Model No.VJTM-01MVJTM-01R

These specifications ensure that the T-Maze meets the specific requirements of research involving mice and rats, allowing for precise experimentation and data collection.

Note: VJ Instruments is committed to continuous product development and improvement. As a result, specifications may be subject to change without prior notification.



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Frequently Asked Questions

The T-Maze is a commonly used behavioral apparatus designed to assess spatial learning and memory in rodents. It resembles the letter “T” and offers a choice between two arms, typically a left arm and a right arm.

The T-Maze is unique in its simplicity, featuring only two arms that are oriented at a 90-degree angle. It’s designed to evaluate spatial memory and learning based on the animal’s choices.


The T-Maze primarily evaluates spatial learning and memory. Researchers can assess how animals make choices and learn to navigate the maze efficiently.

In T-Maze experiments, rodents are placed at the base of the “T” and must choose between the left and right arms to find a reward. Researchers record data related to choices and alternation behavior to assess spatial memory.

Common measurements include spatial memory assessments like reward alternation, spontaneous alternation, and the number of correct choices made by the animal.

The T-Maze provides insights into spatial learning and memory processes in rodents. Researchers can study the impact of various treatments or interventions on cognitive abilities.

The T-Maze is straightforward, easy to use, and highly effective for assessing spatial memory. It provides a simple and reliable method for studying cognitive processes.

Researchers need to consider factors like habituation and the potential influence of non-spatial cues on the animal’s choices. Variability in individual animal behavior is also a consideration.

Insights from T-Maze experiments can be applied to studies related to spatial learning and memory deficits, drug effects, and cognitive disorders in both rodents and other species.

Proper maintenance and hygiene are essential. Regular cleaning and sterilization of the maze are necessary to ensure consistent experimental conditions and prevent contamination.

While the T-Maze is primarily used for rodents, researchers can adapt the principles to other animal models to study spatial learning and memory.

International Clients

Industrial Clients

IITs, AIIMS, CSIR, Government and Private Institutes

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